Brook Taylor

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Taylors Life
Brook Taylor, August 18,1685 - December 29, 1731

Brook Taylor was born to a man called John Taylor who was of the Bifrons house. A Strong willed man his father guided him through his younger days. His mother, Olivia Tempest was dauther of Sir John Tempest, this makes Brook Taylor on the fringes of nobility and of a fairly wealthy family, with some reputation. Taylor was not only a well gifted mathemetician, but also, partly due to his father a man who was quite skilled in painting and some musical endeavors. From being privately tutured he went to Cambridge University in April 3 1703. Before even graduating out of University, Taylor had already written a major mathematical paper, although it would not be published until later on in 1714. After graduating in 1709, Taylor was elected to the Royal Society, also was appointed to a commitee adjudicating whether the claim of Newton or of Leibniz to have invented the calculas was correct.

Between 1712 and 1724 Taylor published thirteen articles on topics as diverse as describing experiments in capillary action, magnetism and thermometers. He gave an account of an experiment to discover the law of magnetic attraction (1715) and an improved method for approximating the roots of an equation by giving a new method for computing logarithms

he obtained in 1708 a remarkable solution of the problem of the "centre of oscillation," which, however, remaining unpublished until May 1714 (Phil. Trans., vol. xxviii. p. x1), his claim to priority was unjustly disputed by Johann Bernoulli. Taylor's Methodus Incrementorum Directa et Inversa (London, 1715) added a new branch to the higher mathematics, now designated the "calculus of finite differences." Among other ingenious applications, he used it to determine the form of movement of a vibrating string, by him first successfully reduced to mechanical principles. The same work contained the celebrated formula known as Taylor's theorem

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